When the therapist provides direct intervention, he or she works with a student in or out of the classroom on a frequent, consistent basis. Direct intervention is used when the student requires the unique and ongoing expertise/assessment of the therapist because the student's performance is insufficiently consistent for the techniques and strategies to be safely incorporated within the daily routine.
(Provision of Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy in the Educational Setting section of the Recommended practice for Occupational and Physical therapy services in Illinois schools-Illinois State Board of Education, 2003)
Consultative intervention occurs when the therapist collaborates with the teacher, other staff, parents and, when appropriate, the student, regarding student-specific issues as identified in the student's IEP goals and objectives/benchmarks.
Provision of Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy in the Educational Setting section of the Recommended practice for occupational and physical therapy services in Illinois schools-Illinois State Board of Education, 2003)
O.T./P.T. Service Delivery Model
Tier 1 Services: Exercises or activities are provided to the entire class to enhance self-regulation and/or motor coordination.
Tier 2 Services : Students are placed into small groups with similar skill levels and are provided with specific therapeutic interventions to facilitate educational objectives.
Tier 3 Services: Students who require more intensive interventions are provided with individualized therapy techniques to achieve educational objectives.
Services within any tier level may be provided in the classroom or in a separate therapy setting.