The goal of Tier 1 instruction is to ensure that 80% of our students reach benchmark. For the students who are still struggling to reach benchmark, we need to provide intensive intervention focused on the child's deficit area(s).
It is critical that every child receives the full core instruction. Intervention, therefore, should be additional instruction provided outside the literacy block.
Some schools have implemented a grade level "walk-to" model of intervention. Every student receives explicit instruction, including the benchmark students. Students are grouped by area of need (e.g., phonics, fluency, comprehension). Classroom teachers and any other available adults provide the intervention, based on their level of expertise.
"Data Days" is an excellent process for identifying students who need intervention and for creating the plan for the type and intensity of the intervention. It is important to create an individual intervention plan for the students. The plan should include short term goals and action steps to achieve these goals.
Many buildings have found the following interventions to be effective:
Increasing the minutes students are reading
QuickReads (fluency and comprehension)
Minutes Matter (home support for fluency)
PALS (fluency and comprehension for upper grade students)
95% Group Lesson Plans (phonics)