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Lincoln Magnet School

300 South 11th Street
Springfield, IL 62703



*STATIC character- does not experience BASIC character CHANGES during the course of the PLOT
*DYNAMIC character- experiences CHANGES throughout the PLOT of the story
*FLAT character-SIMPLE character who has FEW TRAITS
*PROTANGONIST- a MAIN character in a DRAMA
*ANTAGONIST- the PERSON or GROUP who goes against the PROTAGONIST

FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE is language that doesn't mean exactly what it says.


a statement that is greatly EXAGGERATED used to evoke strong feelings in the reader, but it's not meant to e taken seriously.
ex: I'm so hungry, I can eat a cow.


giving human traits to something that is not human.
ex: The flowers grabbbed my ankles as I walked past.


sound words
ex: Boom! POW! Clickety-clack! Woop! Sloop! Zoop!


multiple words in a sentence that START with the SAME SOUND.
ex: She sells seashells by the sea shore.


phrases that don't mean exactly what they say.
ex: You're in the dog house! (means you are in trouble)


comparing two different things and finding something they have in common, using the words LIKE or AS.
ex: Her smile was as bright as the sun.


Compare two or more things that are SIMILAR without using the words the like or as.
ex: Her smile is the sun.

Notice & Notes

Six Signposts of Reading

Why are we learning these?
The 6 “signposts” alert readers to significant moments in a work of literature and encourage students to read closely.

Contrasts and Contradictions
Aha Moments
Tough Questions
Words of the Wiser
Again and Again
Memory Moment

Defining the Signposts
Contrasts and ContradictionsAha MomentTough QuestionsWords of the WiserAgain and AgainMemory Moment
DEFINE: A sharp contrast between what we would expect and what we observe the character doing; behavior that contradicts previous behavior or pattern.DEFINE: A character's realization of something that shifts his actions or understanding of himself, others, or the world around him.DEFINE: Questions a character raises that reveal his or her inner struggles.DEFINE: The advice or insight a wiser character, who is usually older, offers about life to the main character.DEFINE: Events, images, or particular words that recur over a portion of the novel.DEFINE: A recollection by a character that interrupts the forward progress of the story.
CLUES- A character behaves or thinks in a way we don't expect, or an element of a setting is something we would not expect.CLUES: "Suddenly I understood..."; "It came to me ..."; "The realization hit me..."; "In an instant I knew..."CLUES: "What could I possibly do to...?";" I couldn't imagine how I could cope with..."; "How could I ever understand why she...?"; "Never had I been so confused about...?"CLUES: The main character and another are usually off by themselves, in a quiet, serious moment, and the wiser figure shares his wisdom or advice in an effort to help the main character with a problem or a decision.CLUES: A word is repeated, sometimes used in an odd way, over and over in the story. An image reappears several times during the course of the book.CLUES: The ongoing flow of the narative is interrupted by a memory that comes to the character, often taking several paragraphs to recount before we are returned to events of the present moment.
HELPS READERS UNDERSTAND-Character development; Internal Conflict; Theme; Relationship between setting and plot.HELPS READERS UNDERSTAND-Character develpment; Internal Conflict; PlotHELPS READERS UNDERSTAND- Internal Conflict; Theme; Character developmentHELPS READERS UNDERSTAND-Theme, Internal Conflict; Relationship between character and plotHELPS READERS UNDERSTAND-Plot; Setting; Symbolism; Theme; Character developmet; ConflictHELPS READERS UNDERSTAND- Character development; Plot; Theme; Relationship between character and plot.