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Harvard Park Elementary School

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2501 South 11th Street
Springfield, IL 62703
217/525-3214
 

POSITVE & NEGATIVE SPACE - 3rd Grade (2nd Grade, 4th Grade, & 5th Grade May Also Do This Project)

May 5, 2020

STUDENTS MAY USE A REGULAR PENCIL, PENS, CRAYONS, MARKERS, OR OTHER TYPE OF DRAWING MEDIUM.  YOUR CHOICE !  Choose one. YOU WILL ALSO NEED A PIECE OF PAPER for this positive and negative space project.  SPACE creates the illusion of depth (2-D or 3-D). Artist's also think in terms of positive and negative space.  Articise (Art Exercise) is a great way to help students understand this concept.  To articise  "POSITIVE SPACE"  have the students pat themselves.  To articise "NEGATIVE SPACE" have the students wave their arms around up high in the air and all around them.  So, when students are drawing a project and they draw a thing, then that is positive space. All the blank space around it is negative space.  As a teacher walking around the class room, and I see all the things they have created, I will also ask them what will they do with their blank space (or it could be they just have lots of grass or lots of sky, but for balance sake, the picture needs some "thing" to be put there).  There is also an article written in this middle section of my webpage, that you may scroll down and press "Load More" to see a helpful article entitled, "The Fundamentals of Art (Elements & Principles)."  It explains how "SPACE" is an element of art and part of the language of art. 

If your drawing materials are out, then we are Now we are ready to begin our positive / negative space project. 

1) Fold your paper in half (in the middle). The crease may vertical or horizontal, so your choice if you want paper to go up and down vertically (articise by puting arms up high in air, (tall like a tree or one up and one down), or if you want paper to go horizontally (articise by putting arms out straight at sides.) TO FOLD A CREASE: BRING UP ONE SIDE OF PAPER TO THE OTHER SIDE OF PAPER, MEETING AT THE CORNERS, THEN SLOWLY SLIDE HAND BACK TO MIDDLE TO CREASE. 

2) HAVE THE PAPER FACING YOU LIKE AN OPEN BOOK (the crease will be vertical, up and down in front of you). 

3)  DIFFERENT GRADES, PROJECT INSTRUCTIONS: 

SECOND GRADE: Draw the SAME simple geometric shape (DO NOT COLOR INSIDE THE SHAPE YET - DRAW OUTSIDE LINE ONLY / OUTLINE, center this shape - one each side of your paper. Example: a triangle.  

THIRD GRADE: Draw a more difficult shape such as a heart or a diamond  (to make a diamond draw an upside down v, and then draw a v under it conncecting it together). Draw this more difficult shape centered on each side of your paper. Example: a heart.  DRAW THE OUTSIDE LINE ONLY - DO NOT COLOR INSIDE THE SHAPE AT THIS TIME). 

FOURTH GRADE:  Draw the contour line (the outside line) of an image / thing on each side. Example: a  front view of a simple house. OUTLINE ONLY - DO NOT COLOR INSIDE IT YET. 

FIFTH GRADE: Draw the contour line (the outside line) of an image from the side view. Example: Two cats looking at each other. The crease of you paper is like a mirror.  OUTLINE ONLY - DO NOT COLOR INSIDE IT YET. 

4) IMPORTANT: THIS NEXT PART WILL BE THE OPPOSITES ON EACH SIDE TO SHOW POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE SPACE. So, ONE shape / thing on one side is colored in (not on the other side), then on OTHER side of paper (where you didn't color in the shape / thing) - COLOR IN ALL THE AREA AROUND it UP TO THE CREASE.  You may color or shade it in solid, or you may use repeated patterns of llines and shapes. It is totally up to you! 

5)Yeaah! You finished; you may now fill your dance SPACE with some of your best dance moves. 

6) Clean up time. Always good to take care of your materials so you have them for next time. 

7) Hang on a fridge, call Grandma / Grandpa on the phone and tell them about your art, send your uncle / aunt a cell phone picture, or anyone else that you love. 

8) Let's take some time to ponder on your art masterpiece. Hmmm, let me think. What was the coolest part of creating this art work? What was one thing you learned? What inspired me to make this shape, image, lines, or patterns?  Congratulations, you can smile at your art whenever you walk by the "space" you chose to display it.